The 12 Tenses

No te obsesiones con aprender los tiempos verbales. Eventualmente entenderás el significado al escuchar y leer mucho. Recuerde que la mayoría de los hablantes nativos de inglés no pueden explicar de qué se trata, pero hablan inglés.

1 Present Simple

TO RUN (correr)

I run, yo corro

You run, tú corres

He, She, It runs, él/ella/ud. corre

We run, nosotros corremos

You run, vosotros corréis

They run, ellos/ellas/uds. corren

2 Past Simple

TO RUN (correr)

I ran, yo corría

You ran, tú corrías

He/She/It ran, él/ella/ud. corría

We ran, nosotros corríamos

You ran, vosotros corríais

They ran, ellos/ellas/uds. corrían

3 Future Simple

TO RUN (correr)

I will run, yo correré

You will run, tú correrás

He/She/It will run, él/ella/ud. correrá

We will run, nosotros correremos

You will run, vosotros correréis

They will run, ellos/ellas/uds. correrán

 

4 Present Perfect

TO RUN (correr)

I have run, yo he corrido

You have run, tú has corrido

He/she/it has run, él/ella/ud ha corrido

We have run, nosotros hemos corrido

You have run, vosotros habéis corrido

They have run, ellos/ellas/uds. han corrido

5 Past Perfect

TO RUN (correr)

I had run, yo había corrido

You had run, tu habías corrido

He/She/It had run, él/ella/ud. había corrido

We had run, nosotros habíamos corrido

You had run, vosotros habíais corrido

They had run, ellos/ellas/uds. habían corrido

6 Future Perfect

TO RUN (correr)

I will have run, yo habré corrido

You will have run, habrás corrido

He/She/It will have run,  él/ella/ud. habrá corrido

We will have run, nosotros habremos corrido

You will have run, vosotros habréis corrido

They will have run, ellos/ellas/uds. habrán corrido

7 Present Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I am running, estoy corriendo

You are running, estas corriendo

He/She/It is running, él/ella/ud. está corriendo

We are running, estamos corriendo

You are running, vosotros corriendo

They are running, están corriendo

8 Past Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I was running, estaba corriendo

You were running, estabas corriendo

He/She/It was running, estaba corriendo

We were running, estábamos corriendo

You were running,  estabais corriendo

They were running,  estaban corriendo

9 Future Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I will be running, estaré corriendo

You will be running, estarás corriendo

He/She/It will be running, estará corriendo

We will be running, estaremos corriendo

You will be running, estaréis corriendo

They will be running, estarán corriendo

10 Present Perfect Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I have been running,  he estado corriendo

You have been running, has estado corriendo

He/She/It has been running, ha estado corriendo

We have been running, hemos estado corriendo

You have been running, habéis estado corriendo

They have been running, han estado corriendo

11 Past Perfect Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I had been running, había estado corriendo

You had been running, habías estado corriendo

He/She/It had been running, había estado corriendo

We had been running, habíamos estado corriendo

You had been running, habíais estado corriendo

They had been running, habían estado corriendo

12 Future Perfect Continuous

TO RUN (correr)

I will have been running, habré estado corriendo

You will have been running, habrás estado corriendo

He/She/It will have been running, habrá estado corriendo

We will have been running, habremos estado corriendo

You will have been running, habréis estado corriendo

They will have been running, habrán estado corriendo

English has 12 tenses.

The structures are; simple, continuous, perfect simple and perfect continuous.

Using just the verb to form tenses

We can form just TWO tenses with the verb only. That is the present and past. I run (present), I ran (past)

All other tenses use an auxiliary verb

All other tenses are formed using the auxiliary or helping verb in front of the main verb (be, will, have).

I have been running, I had been running, I will have been running



Usando solo el verbo para formar tiempos

Podemos formar solo DOS tiempos verbales solo con el verbo. Ese es el presente y el pasado. I run (presente), I ran (pasado)

Todos los otros tiempos usan un verbo auxiliar

Todos los otros tiempos se forman usando el verbo auxiliar delante del verbo principal (be, will, have).

Simple Tenses

Simple tenses refer to a single action but they do not state whether the action is ongoing or completed.

The three simple tenses are;

Present Simple: We run, nosotros corremos 

Past Simple: We ran, nosotros corríamos

Future Simple: We will run, nosotros correremos



man running on beach
Los tiempos simples se refieren a una sola acción, pero no indican si la acción está en curso o completada.

Continuous (Progressive) Tenses

The continuous or progressive tenses are easy to understand as they describe unfinished events or situations, present, past or future.

Present progressive: I am running, yo estoy corriendo

Past progressive: I was running, Yo estaba corriendo

Future progressive: I will be running, yo estaré corriendo

 

Los tiempos continuos o progresivos son fáciles de entender ya que describen eventos o situaciones inacabadas, presentes, pasadas o futuras.

Perfect Tenses

Perfect tenses are formed by the auxiliary verb to have and the past participle of the verb in use. The word perfect means «made complete» so this tense is about completed action. So remember to look out for the verb to have and its different forms, have, had, has and will.

Present Perfect: You have run, tú has corrido, He/she/it has run, el ha corrido (Completed action in the present)

Past Perfect: You had run, tu habías corrido
(Completed action in the past)

Future Perfect: You will have run, tu habrás corrido
(Completed action in relation to the future).

Los tiempos perfectos están formados por el verbo auxiliar to have y el participio pasado del verbo en uso. La palabra perfecto significa «hecho completo», por lo que este tiempo se trata de una acción completa. Así que recuerde buscar el verbo tener y sus diferentes formas, have, had, has y will.

Continuous (Progressive) Perfect Tenses

This tense expresses a period of time or duration that an action has been taking place.It is commonly used to show an action which started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. 

The continuous perfect tenses are made up of three parts; The first part can change depending if the tense is present, past or future but the other two (been + present participle) stay the same.

(present) has/have + been + present participle

(past) had + been + present participle

(future) will have + been + present participle

Present perfect continuous: I have been running since early morning on the beach. Yo he estado corriendo desde la mañana en la playa.

Past perfect continuous: I had been running for two hours before I stopped for a rest. Yo había estado corriendo durante dos horas antes de detenerme para descansar.

Future perfect continuous: I will have been running for fifteen minutes by the time I arrive. Yo habré estado corriendo durante quince minutos cuando llegue.

the runner
Este tiempo expresa un período de tiempo o duración que una acción ha estado ocurriendo. Se usa comúnmente para mostrar una acción que comenzó en el pasado y ha continuado hasta el momento presente.
Los tiempos perfectos continuos se componen de tres partes; La primera parte puede cambiar dependiendo de si el tiempo presente, pasado o futuro, pero las otras dos (been + present particle) permanecen igual.
Ir arriba